Tips For Keeping Your New Landscape Beautiful
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Trees and Shrubs
Your plantings were watered when they were installed, but depending on the time of year they may need to be watered as soon as the next day. Never water without first checking the soil moisture to determine if watering is needed. At a depth of 4-8 inches, dry to slightly damp soil needs to be watered. Sandy soil will need more frequent watering. Roots grow where water and oxygen are available. Watering deeply and thoroughly and only as needed will encourage a deep and healthy root system that will be able to withstand environmental stresses. Ultimately, the health and long term success of your plantings is dependent upon the care after installation.
Great care has been taken during the installation of your sod to insure the rolls are as tight and level as possible. This time and effort will go to waste if the sod is not watered properly. Sod should be watered for approx 15-45 min per area, twice a day. The time varies based on soil, sun, and grade conditions. Sandy soil in full sun needs the most watering & clay based soil in shady areas the least. Also, slopes will need extra watering. Care should be taken on newly planted sod. Sod is ready for it's first mowing when it has rooted firmly enough to not be easily pulled from the soil. This can take from one to three weeks.
Hydroseed contains a mixture of fertilizer, seed, mulch (paper and wood pulp), water and tactifier. We can blend the seeds to provide the desired appearance, maintenance level, and irrigation requirements for the particular site. Water is used as a method of distribution and to irrigate the seed upon installation. This initial introduction of water to the seed begins the germination process. It is important to continue to keep the seed moist from this point until germination is completed.
A newly hydroseeded lawn is most susceptible to water erosion within the first week after installation. A newly sprayed lawn can generally handle a normal rainfall with little or no erosion. A heavy rain may create problems with erosion and the erosion points may need to be fixed with regrading, raking and/or reseeding (broadcasted or possibly hydroseeded). While it is impossible to control the weather, it is possible to eliminate the damage and erosion caused by not having gutters or making sure that the downspouts of your gutters do not cause the erosion. Drain tile or splash pads may be necessary to elimate erosion caused by downspouts during the initial germination period.
The most reliable way to ensure that your newly seeded lawn receives the proper amount of water is to have a underground irrigation system installed by a qualified professional. While a underground sprinkler system is the most reliable way to water your lawn, it may be done with hose and sprinkler. Take great care to ensure even and adequate watering of the entire turf area. A lawn needs to be watered about 10-30 minutes per section or zone. Soil and slope conditions will ultimately be the determining factor in how much you will need to water. The areas on the top of slopes, in full sun, and/or in sandy soils need more water. The areas in the shade or at the base of hills will need less water. Water in the morning, right before the sun comes up and in the early evening, before the sun sets. Your lawn will need more water in July and August, than May or September.
A newly seeded lawn should have limited traffic for the first 3-6 wks. The more patient you can be in staying off of your newly established turf, the better your end result will be in regards to grading and even germination.
The lawn is ready to mow for the first time in approximately 3-6 weeks from the time of installation. The areas in the shade or that have been kept moist may progress at a different rate than areas on slopes, in full sun, or that donít receive consistent watering. Mow the lawn for the first time when the soil is not extremely wet or soft. No more than 30% of the total height of the grass should be cut at one time.
Upon installation of your lawn, your lawn seed has already received the proper amount of starter fertilizer to provide the nutrients for strong root growth. After approx 6-8 wks, your lawn will be ready for the nutrients it needs for strong vegetative growth. This will be apparent when the lawn starts growing slower and the lawn starts changing to a more yellow color. We recommend a 21-0-10 or 21-0-8 fertilizer to be applied at this time. Fertilizing will provide the turf with the nitrogen it needs for strong vegetative growth to fill out your lawn. At this point your lawn has received the necessary ingredients for a strong root system and healthy vegetative growth. During this period of growth, the weeds that were present in your soil, were receiving the same ingredients that helped your turf to grow strong. After 7-9 weeks from the last fertilization (nitrogen), treat weeds with a general weed and feed fertilizer. A four step program of fertilization and aeration is highly recommended for the following season and will further help develop the lawn. This is also a great time to overseed the lawn. Occasionally, there are areas that may need to be overseeded, whether due to erosion or damage from pets and children. To overseed an area, simply rake the area with a rake or harrow and broadcast the desired seed blend.
A properly prepared and seeded lawn will result in a strong and healthy lawn that not only looks beautiful, but also prevents erosion. With the proper care, your investment in a hydroseeded lawn, will be the envy of the neighborhood.
Stephan Landscape Services recommends Surebond Joint Stabilizing Sealer for all concrete paver surfaces. It protects your paving stones against oil and dirt penetration. Surebond resists oil products and calcium, and wears evenly. It enhances the original color of the pavement and dries to a colorless finish. Sealant also can prevent weeds from germinating. Stephan Landcape Services recommends reapplication of sealer on a 3-5 year schedule. Surebond Joint Stabilizing Sealer is the best protection you can buy for your pavement. For more information regarding Surebond please select the 'Surebond' link on the Stephan Landscape Services, Inc. homepage.
If you notice a reduction in water flow, cleaning the skimmer basket should resolve the problem. The frequency of basket cleaning will depend on the time of year. During the winter, if the pump is shut down, it must be removed and placed in a tub of water where it will not freeze. Additionally, Aquascape, Inc. has an excellent maintenance summary on their website.